cf-serverd

Table of Contents

cf-serverd is a socket listening daemon providing two services: it acts as a file server for remote file copying and it allows an authorized cf-runagent to start a cf-agent run. cf-agent typically connects to a cf-serverd instance to request updated policy code, but may also request additional files for download. cf-serverd employs role based access control (defined in policy code) to authorize requests.

cf-serverd keeps the promises made in common and server bundles, and is affected by common and server control bodies.

Command reference

  --help        , -h       - Print the help message
  --debug       , -d       - Enable debugging output
  --verbose     , -v       - Output verbose information about the behaviour of the agent
  --version     , -V       - Output the version of the software
  --file        , -f value - Specify an alternative input file than the default
  --define      , -D value - Define a list of comma separated classes to be defined at the start of execution
  --negate      , -N value - Define a list of comma separated classes to be undefined at the start of execution
  --no-lock     , -K       - Ignore locking constraints during execution (ifelapsed/expireafter) if "too soon" to run
  --inform      , -I       - Print basic information about changes made to the system, i.e. promises repaired
  --diagnostic  , -x       - Activate internal diagnostics (developers only)
  --no-fork     , -F       - Run as a foreground processes (do not fork)
  --ld-library-path, -L value - Set the internal value of LD_LIBRARY_PATH for child processes
  --generate-avahi-conf, -A       - Generates avahi configuration file to enable policy server to be discovered in the network
  --color       , -C value - Enable colorized output. Possible values: 'always', 'auto', 'never'. If option is used, the default value is 'auto'
  --timestamp   , -l       - Log timestamps on each line of log output

Control Promises

Settings describing the details of the fixed behavioral promises made by cf-serverd. Server controls are mainly about determining access policy for the connection protocol: i.e. access to the server itself. Access to specific files must be granted in addition.

    body server control
    {
        allowconnects         => { "127.0.0.1" , "::1" };
        allowallconnects      => { "127.0.0.1" , "::1" };

        # Uncomment me under controlled circumstances
        #trustkeysfrom         => { "127.0.0.1" , "::1" };
    }

allowconnects

Description: List of IP addresses that may connect to the server port. They are denoted in either IP or subnet form. For compatibility reasons, regular expressions are also accepted.

This is the first line of defence; clients who are not in this list may not connect or send any data to the server.

See also the warning about regular expressions in allowallconnects.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Examples:

    allowconnects => {
         "127.0.0.1",
         "::1",
         "200.1.10.0/24",
         "200\.1\.10\..*",
         };

allowallconnects

Description: List of IP addresses that may have more than one connection to the server port. They are denoted in either IP or subnet form. For compatibility reasons, regular expressions are also accepted.

The clients that are not listed here may have only one open connection at the time with the server.

Note that 127.0.0.1 is a regular expression (i.e., "127 any character 0 any character 0 any character 1"), but this will only match the IP address 127.0.0.1. Take care with IP addresses and domain names, as the hostname regular expression www.domain.com will potentially match more than one hostname (e.g., wwwxdomain.com, in addition to the desired hostname www.domain.com).

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Examples:

    allowallconnects      => {
         "127.0.0.1",
         "::1",
         "200.1.10.0/24",
         "200\.1\.10\..*",
         };

allowlegacyconnects

Description: List of hosts from which the server accepts connections that are not using the latest protocol.

To define subnets or address ranges, use CIDR notation:

    allowlegacyconnects =>  { "192.168.1.0/24", "192.168.2.123" }

In CFEngine <= 3.8, absence of this attribute means that connections from all hosts are accepted, for compatibility with pre-3.6 CFEngine versions.

Set this attribute to an empty list to not allow any incoming connections using legacy protocol versions:

    allowlegacyconnects => { }

In CFEngine >= 3.9, legacy protocol is disallowed by default, and you have to specify a list of hosts allowed to use the legacy protocol.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

See also: protocol_version

allowciphers

Description: List of TLS ciphers the server accepts for incoming connections. For a list of possible ciphers, see man page for "openssl ciphers".

Type: string

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Default value: AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES256-SHA

Example:

body server control
{
      # Only this non-default cipher is to be accepted
      allowciphers    => "RC4-MD5";
}

Note: When used with protocol_version 1 (classic protocol), this does not do anything as the classic protocol does not support TLS ciphers.

See also: protocol_version, tls_ciphers, tls_min_version, allowtlsversion, encrypt, logencryptedtransfers, ifencrypted

History: Introduced in CFEngine 3.6.0

allowtlsversion

Description: Minimum TLS version allowed for incoming connections.

Type: string

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Default value: 1.0

Example:

body server control
{
      # Allow only TLSv1.1 or higher
      allowtlsversion => "1.1";
}

Note: When used with protocol_version 1 (classic protocol), this attribute does not do anything.

See also: protocol_version, tls_ciphers, tls_min_version, allowciphers, encrypt, logencryptedtransfers, ifencrypted

History: Introduced in CFEngine 3.7.0

allowusers

Description: List of usernames who may execute requests from this server

The usernames listed in this list are those asserted as public key identities during client-server connections. These may or may not correspond to system identities on the server-side system.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Example:

    allowusers => { "cfengine", "root" };

bindtointerface

Description: IP of the interface to which the server should bind on multi-homed hosts

On multi-homed hosts, the server and client can bind to a specific interface for server traffic. The IP address of the interface must be given as the argument, not the device name.

Type: string

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

    bindtointerface => "192.168.1.1";

To bind to all interfaces, including IPV6:

    bindtointerface => "::";

Note that a bug in netstat will not correctly report that cf-serverd is listening on both IPV4 and IPV6 interfaces. A test with netcat (nc) will confirm.

   # nc -v -4 172.16.100.1 5308
   Connection to 172.16.100.1 5308 port [tcp/cfengine] succeeded!
   ^C
   # nc -v -6 fe80:470:1d:a2f::2 5308
   Connection to fe80:470:1d:a2f::2 5308 port [tcp/cfengine] succeeded!
   ^C

cfruncommand

Description: Path to the cf-agent command or cf-execd wrapper for remote execution

It is normal for this to point to the location of cf-agent but it could also point to the cf-execd, or even another program or shell command at your own risk.

Type: string

Allowed input range: .+

    body server control
    {
    cfruncommand => "/var/cfengine/bin/cf-agent";
    }

call_collect_interval

CFEngine Enterprise only.

Description: The interval in minutes in between collect calls to the CFEngine Server offering a tunnel for report collection.

If option time is set, it causes the server daemon to peer with a policy hub by attempting a connection at regular intervals of the value of the parameter in minutes.

This feature is designed to allow Enterprise report collection from hosts that are not directly addressable from a hub data-aggregation process. For example, if some of the clients of a policy hub are behind NAT or firewall then the hub possibly is not able to open a connection to port 5308 of the client. The solution is to enable call_collect_interval on the client's cf-serverd. Note: also remember to admit the client's IP on the hub's collect_calls ACL (see resource_type in bundle server access_rules).

If this option is set, the client's cf-serverd will "peer" with the server daemon on a policy hub. This means that, cf-serverd on an unreachable (e.g. NATed) host will attempt to report in to the cf-serverd on its assigned policy hub and offer it a short time window in which to download reports over the established connection. The effect is to establish a temporary secure tunnel between hosts, initiated from the satellite host end. The connection is made in such a way that host autonomy is not compromised. Either hub may refuse or decline to play their role at any time, in the usual way (avoiding DOS attacks). Normal access controls must be set for communication in both directions.

Collect calling cannot be as efficient as data collection by the cf-hub, as the hub is not able to load balance. Hosts that use this approach should exclude themselves from the cf-hub data collection.

The sequence of events is this:

  • The host's cf-serverd connects to its registered CFEngine Server
  • The host identifies itself to authentication and access control and sends a collect-call pull-request to the server
  • The server might honor this, if the access control grants access.
  • If access is granted, the server has collect_window seconds to initiate a query to the host for its reports.
  • The server identifies itself to authentication and access control and sends a query request to the host to collect the reports.
  • When finished, the host closes the tunnel.

Type: int

Allowed input range: 0,99999999999

Example:

call_collect_interval => "5";

The full configuration would look something like this

        #########################################################
        # Server config
        #########################################################

        body server control
        {
        allowconnects         => { "10.10.10.0/24" , "::1" };
        allowallconnects      => { "10.10.10.0/24" , "::1" };
        trustkeysfrom         => { "10.10.10.0/24" , "::1" };

        call_collect_interval => "5";
        }

        #########################################################

        bundle server access_rules()

        {
        access:

          policy_server::

           "collect_calls"
               resource_type => "query",
                     admit   => { "10.10.10.10" };

          satellite_hosts::

            "delta"
                     comment => "Grant access to cfengine hub to collect report deltas",
               resource_type => "query",
                     admit   => { "policy_hub" };

            "full"
                    comment => "Grant access to cfengine hub to collect full report dump",
              resource_type => "query",
                    admit   => { "policy_hub"  };
        }

History: Was introduced in Enterprise 3.0.0 (2012)

collect_window

CFEngine Enterprise only.

Description: A time in seconds that a collect-call tunnel remains open to a hub to attempt a report transfer before it is closed

Type: int

Allowed input range: 0,99999999999

collect_window => "15";

Default value: 30.

History: Was introduced in Enterprise 3.0.0 (2012)

denybadclocks

Description: true/false accept connections from hosts with clocks that are out of sync

A possible form of attack on the fileserver is to request files based on time by setting the clocks incorrectly. This option prevents connections from clients whose clocks are drifting too far from the server clock (where "too far" is currently defined as "more than an hour off"). This serves as a warning about clock asynchronization and also a protection against Denial of Service attempts based on clock corruption.

Type: boolean

Default value: true

Example:

    body server control
    {
    denybadclocks => "true";
    }

denyconnects

Description: List of IPs that may NOT connect to the server port

Hosts or IP addresses that are explicitly denied access. This should only be used in special circumstances. One should never grant generic access to everything and then deny special cases. Since the default server behavior is to grant no access to anything, this list is unnecessary unless you have already granted access to some set of hosts using a generic pattern, to which you intend to make an exception.

See also the warning about regular expressions in allowallconnects.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Example:

    body server control
    {
    denyconnects => { "badhost\.domain\.evil", "host3\.domain\.com" };
    }

logallconnections

Deprecated: This attribute was deprecated in 3.7.0.

logencryptedtransfers

Description: true/false log all successful transfers required to be encrypted. Only applies to classic protocol connections (because the new protocol uses TLS which enforces encryption for everything).

If true the server will log all transfers of files which the server requires to encrypted in order to grant access (see ifencrypted) to syslog. These files are deemed to be particularly sensitive.

Type: boolean

Default value: false

Example:

    body server control
    {
    logencryptedtransfers => "true";
    }

See also: ifencrypted, encrypt, tls_ciphers, tls_min_version, allowciphers, allowtlsversion, protocol_version

maxconnections

Description: Maximum number of connections that will be accepted

Watch out for kernel limitations for maximum numbers of open file descriptors which can limit this.

Type: int

Allowed input range: 0,99999999999

Default value: 30 remote queries

Example:

    # client side

    body agent control
    {
    maxconnections => "1000";
    }

    # server side

    body server control
    {
    maxconnections => "1000";
    }

port

Description: Default port for the CFEngine server

Type: int

Allowed input range: 1,65535

Default value: 5308

Example:

    body hub control
    {
    port => "5308";
    }

    body server control
    {
    specialhost::
     port => "5308";

    !specialhost::
     port => "5308";
    }

Notes:

The standard or registered port number is tcp/5308. CFEngine does not presently use its registered udp port with the same number, but this could change in the future.

Changing the standard port number is not recommended practice. You should not do it without a good reason.

serverfacility

Description: Menu option for syslog facility level

Type: (menu option)

Allowed input range:

LOG_USER
LOG_DAEMON
LOG_LOCAL0
LOG_LOCAL1
LOG_LOCAL2
LOG_LOCAL3
LOG_LOCAL4
LOG_LOCAL5
LOG_LOCAL6
LOG_LOCAL7

See syslog notes.

Default value: LOG_USER

Example:

    body server control
    {
    serverfacility => "LOG_USER";
    }

skipverify

Description: This option is obsolete, does nothing and is retained for backward compatibility.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Example:

    body server control
    {
    skipverify => { "special_host.*", "192.168\..*" };
    }

trustkeysfrom

Description: List of IPs from whom the server will accept and trust new (untrusted) public keys. They are denoted in either IP or subnet form. For compatibility reasons, regular expressions are also accepted.

The new accepted public keys are written to the ppkeys directory, and a message is logged:

192.168.122.254> Trusting new key: MD5=0d5603d68dd62d35bab2150e35d055ae

NOTE: trustkeysfrom should normally be an empty list except in controlled circumstances, for example when the network is being set up and keys are to be exchanged for the first time.

See also the warning about regular expressions in allowallconnects.

Type: slist

Allowed input range: (arbitrary string)

Example:

    body server control
    {
    trustkeysfrom => { "10.0.1.1", "192.168.0.0/16"};
    }

listen

Description: true/false enable server daemon to listen on defined port

This attribute allows to disable cf-serverd from listening on any port. Should be used in conjunction with call_collect_interval.

This setting only applies to CFEngine clients, the policy hub will not be affected. Changing this setting requires a restart of cf-serverd for the change to take effect.

Type: boolean

Default value: true

Example:

    body server control
    {

      listening_host_context::
        listen => "true";

      !listening_host_context::
        listen => "false";
    }

History: Was introduced in 3.4.0, Enterprise 3.0 (2012)

Deprecated attributes in body server control

The following attributes were functional in previous versions of CFEngine, but today they are deprecated, either because their functionality is being handled trasparently or because it doesn't apply to current CFEngine version.

  • auditing
  • dynamicaddresses
  • hostnamekeys
  • keycacheTTL